Ageing is inevitable. Everyone desires a healthy skin but with time one starts noticing fine lines and dwindling glow. Our skin is the first to show signs of ageing. As we age our skin tends to look dull, dry and appears to sag. Fine lines and wrinkles are other signs that appear making us look older. Skin ageing is caused by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. These can be divided into three main categories – biological, environmental and mechanical.
Biological ageing is an intrinsic factor and usually determined by our genes. Our biological clock affects our skin and as we grow older, our skin’s regenerating capabilities slow down. Many of these changes are naturally caused by hormones and hence cannot be stopped. However, the changes caused by free radicals can be controlled to a certain extent by following a healthy lifestyle.
Environmental ageing is an extrinsic factor and can be controlled. Factors like sun’s harmful rays, pollution, harsh weather, and stress damage our skin leading to signs of ageing. Of all the environmental factors, sun exposure is one of the top culprits for skin ageing. Studies have shown that UV exposure is responsible for up to 90 percent of visible signs of skin aging. It is called photoageing. Photoaging causes damage to collagen, elastin, melanocytes and other moisture barriers. This results into wrinkles, sagging, uneven skin tone, dark spots, and a rough, dry skin texture. So no matter what age you are, protect your skin from sun exposure with sunscreen to prevent sunburn, premature wrinkling, sagging and sunspots.
Mechanical ageing is the result of repeated behavior like squinting, frowning, smiling etc. which cause grooves in the skin that over the years become permanent.
Elastin and collagen are two essential components of our skin and hold our skin together. Elastin provides elasticity to your skin while collagen provides firmness to your skin. As we grow old, constant dynamic changes take place in both elastin and collagen making them thick and loose. And this leads to your skin becoming inelastic and brittle. This shows up on your skin in the form of wrinkles and sagging. Skin ageing is also associated with loss of skin moisture. Hyaluronic Acid (HA) is a natural component of our skin that maintains skin elasticity and strength. As we age, natural Hyaluronic Acid (HA) levels in our skin decrease, making our skin look dry and rough. This leads to loss of firmness and pliability. Hyaluronic acid (HA) can improve your skin’s moisture content and at the same time strengthen the outer layers of your skin. It will make your skin look and feel softer, smoother, and plumper—all hall marks of younger-looking skin! The signs of ageing can be divided into early and advanced. While the early signs of ageing can be treated with a combination of products and services, advanced signs of ageing need specialized and customized treatment and care along with dermatological expertise.